Renewable energy is seen as a beacon of hope for the replacement of fossil fuels. Researchers around the world have been working on this topic for several years, and climate change has intensified these efforts. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern has been active in this field since the 1990s. Renewables are also a focus of research at Stralsund University of Applied Sciences, where expertise includes research into regenerative energy systems and hydrogen technologies. The university is always open to partners from industry who want to propose or support projects. The Institut für Energie und Umwelt e. V. (Institute for Energy and Environment) works at the same location and aims to increase research and technology transfer within MV, covering the rational use of energy and regenerative energy as well as their storage.
The Institute for Regenerative Energy Systems at Stralsund University of Applied Sciences (IRES) has built up expertise and experience in hydrogen technology for more than 25 years - both in teaching and in research. The institute's ambition is to implement these technologies in order to meet the requirements of our time.
What will innovative production of large structures look like in the future? The Fraunhofer Institute for Large Structures in Production Engineering IGP in Rostock is researching this. In its R&D projects, Fraunhofer IGP realizes concepts for product and process innovations together with industry cooperation partners. Currently, the IGP is involved, amongst others, in the Federal Ministry of Education and Research’s ‘OWSplus - Floating Offshore Wind Solutions’, where alliance partners are developing solutions for the next evolutionary stage of regenerative power generation.
This is precisely what the employees at the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis e. V. are also working on. The University of Rostock with its Chair of Wind Energy Technology is conducting research on the simulation and measurement of wind turbines (WT), constructive concepts for WT, sector coupling and storage, test bench testing and measurement, the integration of wind energy into grids, decentralized energy supply and energy storage.
In Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, universities, research institutions and companies are actively driving the transformation to green energy production.
Hydrogen transport infrastructure The TransHyDE lead project of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is developing technologies for hydrogen transport – its largest implementation project. The CAMPFIRE regional partner alliance, coordinated by the Leibniz Institute for Plasma Research and Technology e.V. (INP) in Greifswald, the Center for Fuel Cell Technology in Duisburg and Inherent Solution Consult GmbH & Co KG in Rostock, is bundling R&D activities into the entire transport chain for green ammonia. At the Poppendorf site on the industrial premises of YARA Rostock, industry-relevant test and trial fields are being set up for the new technologies in the COIL - CAMPFIRE Open Innovation Lab. The focus is on the development of logistics structures and refueling facilities for importing ammonia, operating ships with green ammonia, load-flexible ammonia plants for the seasonal production of ammonia from renewable energy, dynamic conversion technologies for stationary and mobile energy supply, and ammonia-to-hydrogen refueling stations.
HyExpert The Rügen-Stralsund region holds the title of ‘HyExpert’ and has thus risen further in its rank as a hydrogen region in the HyLand competition. As one of only nine regions in the whole of Germany, Rügen-Stralsund was selected by the National Organization Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology (NOW) as a HyStarter hydrogen region in 2019. The HyLand competition was launched by the German Federal Ministry of Digital Affairs and Transport (BMDV) and is now in its second round. HyLand motivates stakeholders in all regions of Germany to initiate, plan and implement hydrogen-related concepts, aiming to identify and promote the most innovative and promising regional concepts.
Power-to-Gas The RH2-PTG (Power-to-Gas) project of WIND-projekt differs from conventional PTG plants by using pure hydrogen gas (H2). WIND-projekt already operates a plant for the production of renewable hydrogen (RH2) using wind power in Grapzow near Altentreptow. With RH2-PTG, the plant is to be developed so that it can be connected to the natural gas grid, enabling hydrogen to be fed into the grid. This will be the first plant to feed hydrogen produced directly from wind power into the natural gas grid in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Mega hydrogen plant in Rostock harbor The heart of the project is a 100-MW electrolyzer to be built on the site of the Rostock coal-fired power plant by the end of 2026.
The electricity required for electrolysis is abundant in the region thanks to the large number of renewable energy plants such as wind turbines at sea and on land, and also photovoltaic systems. Up to 6,500 metric tons of green hydrogen per year can be produced net-zero right from the start. As part of the overall energy port strategy, the site is suitable for expansion of the plant to a capacity of up to 1,000 megawatts.